China is one of the most fascinating countries in the world. It has a long history, is rich with tradition and culture, has been ruled by a variety of governments, and remains cloaked in secrecy even today. You could study China for a lifetime and still be left wanting more answers. If you’re looking to introduce friends to China or just need a quick overview, here are ten interesting facts about China.
10 Key Facts About China
- Population – China is the world’s most populous country with 1.367 billion people. India is next with a population of 1.252 billion. Then the United States with 321 million inhabitants.
- Number of Chinese-Americans – Chinese were among the first to migrate to America during the California gold rush. Today there are about 3.8 million Americans of Chinese descent, including those with partial Chinese ancestry. That’s about 1.2% of the total US population.
- Poverty stats – An estimated 400M people live in poverty in China. That’s more people than all the people of the United States.
- Land size – China as 3.7 million square miles of land, making it the fourth largest country in the world. Only Russia, USA, and Canada are bigger than China.
- Type of government – The People’s Republic of China is China’s official state name and is governed today by the Communist Party of China.
- Founding – On October 1, 1949, Mao Zedong declared the founding of the People’s Republic of China. The founding brought an end to the Republic of China (1912-1949) and thousands of years of imperial dynasties before that.
- Economy – China has the world’s largest economy at over $17.6 trillion GDP when adjusted for purchasing power. The USA is second with $17.4 trillion GDP.
- Inventions – China has a rich history of skilled craftsmanship and ingenuity. Perhaps the most important inventions from China are these: paper-making, moveable type printing, gunpowder, and the compass.
- Exports – China is the world’s top exporter with $2.37 trillion in exports for 2015. Their top exported items are computers ($209 billion), broadcasting equipment ($157 billion), and telephones ($107 billion).
- Imports – China is the second largest importer in the world (USA) with $1.53 trillion in imports for 2015. Their top imports are crude petroleum ($205 billion), integrated circuits ($136 billion), and iron ore ($73 billion).